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Anonymous said: hey, can you explain the difference between capitalism, socialism & communism as if you breaking it down to a 12 year old?
Well, I’ll try.
Capitalism is the current way the world is structured. One important aspect of capitalism is private property. This means that things like factories, land, and anything else used in the course of producing goods, are privately owned and operated by wealthy individuals. Another important part of capitalism is that things are done for profit. These wealthy people who own resources for themselves [whom we call the capitalists] are always looking to conduct their business in a way that gets them more money - more profit. As this is the case on a large scale, it means that various capitalists are producing their commodities [t-shirts, televisions, bananas, etc. - those items which people buy and sell] in isolation from one another, and not according to a common plan. There could be many people in need of one item but not enough of them are produced to satisfy everybody’s needs. On the other hand, one item could be overproduced and way more of it than was necessary will be in the marketplace. This is the result of this unplanned way of producing, in which the common good is secondary, and the capitalist’s pursuit of more profit for themselves is primary.
But while the capitalists own the resources and equipment used in the course of production, it is the workers who do all the physical labor in the production process. The workers are those actually in the mines, in the fields, in the factories, who make the goods for the capitalist. In return, the worker gets a paycheck. But this exchange is not equal - for the capitalist to find this all profitable and worthwhile, they must get more out of the worker’s labor than they give back in the paycheck. This leads us to the notion of surplus labor. Surplus labor is the term for the labor done which the worker is no longer being paid for - work that is only done for the capitalist. And from this extra labor being performed, we get the concept of surplus value. The worker creates value out of their labor, so when they perform additional labor which they don’t see reflected in their paychecks, it means additional value has been created, which the capitalist profits off of. The general phrase for all of this is the ‘exploitation of labor.’ The capitalists live by exploiting workers, and the workers must go through life being exploited.
These workers - the masses of people - are the same people who suffer the consequences of not having a planned economy, as they are the ones who are most effected by the anarchy of production. So in this way, capitalism is built off the hard work of the common people, and yet is operated against them and their interests.
Communism is the solution to capitalism. Capitalism is a society based on class divisions - the main division is between the capitalist class and the working class. The end-goal of communism is a classless society in which production is socially coordinated and planned for the common good. There would no longer be any class differences. The Karl Marx quote is popular: “From each according to their ability, to each according to their needs.”
Socialism is the period in between capitalism and communism - it’s the massive transformation of society, in which capitalist features of the economy are replaced: with planned production, with the end of unemployment and homelessness, and so on. Capitalist ideas themselves must also be struggled against at this time, as the capitalist system has been developing for hundreds of years and has left its markings in many common ideas. Of course, it will never be so simple as to ‘march forward’ in a straight line through socialism. Capitalists and those who fight for them will try their best to reverse the tide of socialism, to send us back to capitalism instead of forward to communism. This is why the socialist process is long and complicated. In order to keep it on the right track, it’s necessary to have communist politics in command of society, and to go through with making the labor process democratic and planned.
GUYS I JUST REALIZED WHY PAPER BEATS ROCK OH MY GOD
PAPER SYMBOLIZES WORDS WHICH SYMBOLIZES BRAINS
AND ROCK SYMBOLIZES BRAWN.
BRAINS OVER BRAWN.
MIND OVER MATTER.
PAPER OVER ROCK.
You clever little shit.
then what the fuck does scissors mean